Keanekaragaman Morfologi Durian Lokal (Durio zibethinus Murr) di Aceh Tamiang, Indonesia

  • Chelsea Ruth Maranatha Universitas Samudra
  • Nurul Koimah Universitas Samudra
  • Juni Artika Universitas Samudra
Keywords: Characteristics, durian, Tualang Village

Abstract

Aceh Tamiang is one of durian fruit production with ± 603 per ton production per year and also has a high biodiversity of fruits and vegetables. Durian diversity is a potential that can be seeded. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of durian varieties found in Tualang village, Aceh Tamiang based on morphological characteristics. This research is descriptive in nature which describes variable conditions. This research was conducted in the village of Tualang Niat Kampung Selamat District Tenggulun, Aceh Tamiang. The collected data is then calculated using the equation formula of the STO pair association (Operational Taxonomy). The results of this study indicate that the diversity of local durian Tualang Village there are 7 local varieties of durian fruit, including copper durian, montong durian, heart durian, milk durian, weasel king durian. The highest similarity index is 50 and the lowest similarity is 21.42. The difference is influenced by environmental factors that cause morphological changes in the durian.

References

Lestari, S., Fitmawati & Wahibah, N.N. (2011). Keanekaragaman durian (Durio zibethinus Murr) di Pulau Bengkalis berdasarkan karakter morfologi. Buletin Kebun Raya.14 (2):29-44
Leontowicz, H., Leontowicz, M., Jesion, L., & Siriphanich, J. (2011). Durian (Durio zibethinus Merr.). In Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango (pp. 80-114). Cambridge (England): Woodhead Publishing.
Navia, Z.I & Chikmawati T. (2015a). Durio tanjungpurensis (Malvaceae), a new species and its one new variety from West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 44(3): 429-436
Navia, Z.I. & Suwardi, A.B. (2015b). Keanekaragaman jenis durian (Durio spp.) di Kabupaten Sekadau Kalimantan Barat. Jeumpa 2(2): 47-55.
Navia, Z.I, Suwardi, A.B. & Saputri, A. (2017) Penelusuran ragam jenis tanaman buah pekarangan sebagai sumber nutrisi bagi masyarakat di Kota Langsa, Aceh. Dalam: Agustien, A., Syaifullah, Pitopang, R.P., Nurainas, Ilyas, S. & Kurniawan, R. (editor) Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biodiversitas dan Ekologi Tropika Indonesia Ke-4 dan Kongres Penggalang Taksonomi Tumbuhan Indonesia Ke-12. Padang, 15–17 September 2017, hlm. 774–782
Navia, Z. I., Suwardi, A. B., & Saputri, A. (2019a). Karakterisasi Tanaman Buah Lokal di Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang, Aceh. Buletin Plasma Nutfah, 25(2), 57-66
Navia, Z. I., Suwardi, A. B., Nuraini, & Seprianto. (2019b). Ethnobotany of wild edible fruit species and their contribution to food security in the North Aceh region, Indonesia. The International Conference on ASEAN 2019. 203-210
Sundari. (2014). Keanekaragaman Durian Lokal di Jailolo Kabupaten Halmahera Barat Berdasarkan Karakter dan Morfologi. FKIP Universitas Khairun Ternate. Jurnal Pena Sains. Diakses pada bulan April 2014.
Suwardi, A. B., Mukhtar, E., & Syamsuardi. (2013a). Perubahan populasi pohon dan cadangan karbon selama tiga dekade di hutan Ulu Gadut, Sumatera Barat. Biospectrum 9(3): 157-166
Suwardi, A. B., Mukhtar, E., & Syamsuardi, S. (2013b). Komposisi jenis dan cadangan karbon di hutan tropis dataran rendah, Ulu Gadut, Sumatera Barat. Berita Biologi, 12(2), 169-176.
Suwardi, A. B., & Navia, Z. I. (2015). Keanekaragaman jenis kantong semar (Nepenthes spp.) di Hutan Rawa Gambut Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Jeumpa, 2(2), 56-63.
Suwardi, A.B., Navia, Z. I., & Sofiyan. (2017) Komposisi Jenis Dan Cadangan Karbon Tersimpan Di Hutan Mangrove Kuala Langsa, Aceh. Dalam: Agustien,s A., Syaifullah, Pitopang, R.P., Nurainas, Ilyas, S. & Kurniawan, R. (editor) Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biodiversitas dan Ekologi Tropika Indonesia Ke-4 dan Kongres Penggalang Taksonomi Tumbuhan Indonesia Ke-12. Padang, 15–17 September 2017, hlm. 19-27.
Suwardi, A. B., Indriaty, I., & Navia, Z. I. (2018). Nutritional evaluation of some wild edible tuberous plants as an alternative foods. Innovare Journal of Food Sci, 6(2), 9-12.
Suwardi, A.B., Navia, Z.I., Harmawan, T., Syamsuardi, & Mukhtar, E. (2019a). Sensory Evaluation of Mangoes Grown in Aceh Tamiang District, Aceh, Indonesia. Advances in Ecological and Environmental Research 4 (3): 79-85
Suwardi, A. B., Navia, Z. I., Harmawan, T., Syamsuardi, & Mukhtar, E. (2019b). The diversity of wild edible fruit plants and traditional knowledge in West Aceh region, Indonesia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 7(4), 285-290.
Yuniarti. (2011). Inventarisasi dan Karakterisasi Morfologis Tanaman Durian (Durio zubethinus Murr) di Kabupaten tanah datar. Jurnal Plasma Nutfah. Diakses pada Tanggal 10 Maret 2013.
Published
2019-12-21